Tomatoes, mackerel, walnuts, or even chickpeas… Did you know that certain foods have the power to protect your arteries? By adding them to your plate, you lower your risk of heart disease. Tours in our slideshow.
Even if you don’t have any other risk factors, eating poorly will put your heart at great risk. Each year in France, there are approximately 120,000 people affected by myocardial infarction, one of the causes of which is atherosclerosis, estimates the French Federation of Cardiology.
Atherosclerosis is characterized by the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in the artery wall (a deposit of lipids, cholesterol, lime, surrounding itself with a fibrous screed), which can lead to damage to the wall. arterial.
Indeed, a diet rich in saturated fats from animal fats, certain meats, and fatty derivatives of milk has a direct influence on cholesterol levels. Ultimately this constitutes a real cardiovascular risk.
When the patient builds up bad eating habits and has high cholesterol, their arteries will clog and fill with fatty fluid, which will reduce the lumen of the arteries. And when the shrinkage is too much the blood swirls and coagulates. A clot will then block the coronary artery (artery covering the surface of the heart, editor’s note) which will necrose. If too much of it is blocked, the heart will no longer be able to oxygenate the organs. This is called a heart attack (or myocardial infarction).
It is, therefore, no coincidence that hypertension is six times more common in overweight and obese people. “30% of obese people are hypertensive and 30% of hypertensive people will become obese”, writes cardiologist Fabien Guez in his book How not to have a heart attack.
Based on several studies, the French Federation of Cardiology has already shown that our diet influences our heart risk, from an early age. “A diet rich in fruits and vegetables at age 20 protects the arteries at age 40”.
According to an American study of 2,500 women, consuming a large number of fruits and vegetables (8 to 9 servings per day) at age 20 can reduce the risk of atherosclerosis or accumulation by up to 40%. plaque in the arteries. “This observation should encourage young people to opt as soon as possible, even in good health, to a healthy lifestyle: balanced diet with regular physical activity”, comments the Federation.
Besides, foods that contain a significant amount of antioxidants, protective substances help fight the onset of atherosclerosis.
Polyphenols (antioxidants) prevent the oxidation of bad cholesterol in the lipoproteins responsible for the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. A deficiency of these antioxidants plus an excess of cholesterol is therefore harmful, even destructive for the arteries and blood vessels.