Let’s find out about the ten miniature dog breeds, their characters, their main flaws, and their qualities. They are dogs with a fairly long life expectancy, as is the case with all small breeds, as long as the owner gives his little companion the care he needs. The food must of course be adapted to the animal, its size, its activity, and its age. For long and healthy life, the dog should be able to benefit from regular veterinary follow-up.

The Chihuahua

10 SMALLEST DOG BREEDS In The World
Photo taken in Stockholm, Sweden

He holds the record as he is the smallest dog in the world. Its length, from the muzzle to the tip of the tail, does not exceed 21 cm for a height at the withers of 15 to 22 cm. Its maximum weight can reach at most 3 kg, however, some of these dogs weighing only 800 g. He has a great character so that despite his small size he occupies an impressive place in the life of his master. A little too spoiled at times, he can develop very bad habits. The Chihuahua – like many other dogs – therefore needs to be educated. He is fearless, capricious at times, not always very reconcilable with children, but he is also courageous and despite his small build, he is resistant to many diseases. Its life expectancy is between 14 and 18 years.

The Spitz nain

10 SMALLEST DOG BREEDS In The World

With his little teddy bear looks, this dog is nicknamed Loulou de Pomerania. It weighs at most 2 to 3 kg and does not exceed 21 cm. He is famous for his bad temper. He is a born runaway, so it is essential to have a fully enclosed courtyard or garden. This energy ball that needs daily exercise is loyal and covers its master with affection. His main flaw is that he barks a lot for no reason. It is therefore essential to educate it as soon as possible so that it does not disturb family life or the neighborhood. His life expectancy is 14 years on average.

The Maltese Bichon

10 SMALLEST DOG BREEDS In The World
Maltese X Shih Tzu Puppy looking at the camera

This little ball of pristine white fur weighs a maximum of 3.5 to 4 kg and measures at most 24 cm. Extremely loyal to his owners, he is very affectionate. He is said to be able to read the slightest of their emotions on their faces. Intelligent, sensitive, courageous, the Maltese Bichon can put his life in danger to defend his master. Easy going, he is dynamic and can even be fearless when playing with him. Her life expectancy is around 15 years.

The Shih Tzu

10 SMALLEST DOG BREEDS In The World
Shih Tzu Puppy looking at the camera on a white backdrop

It is a small, long-haired dog, which measures no more than 25 cm for the female and 27 cm for the male for a maximum weight of 4 to 8 kg. This “lion dog” (that’s what his name means in Tibetan), is quite calm and very affectionate, he needs a fairly serene master. Patient, strong-willed with sometimes a touch of obstinacy, he has a cheerful character and loves to play a lot. The Shih Tzu thrives in any environment, house, apartment, country, city. Sociable, he hates solitude. Of the good constitution, he is not particularly fragile. Its life expectancy is between 11 and 14 years.

Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier
York Shire Terrier con jugando con pelota colores

This one of the smallest dogs weighs only 2 to 3 kg in adulthood with a maximum length of 15 to 25 cm. The Yorkshire Terrier has a strong character and is not particularly patient with children. He is sometimes cantankerous, is generally stubborn. But that doesn’t stop her from being affectionate with her master. He is a dog that barks a lot, so it is important to teach him how to channel himself. Courageous, he does not hesitate to hunt certain rodents such as rats if given the opportunity. On the health side, he is quite exposed to joint problems. We estimate his life expectancy at about fifteen years.

Brussels griffon puppy (Petit Brabancon)

Brussels griffon puppy (Petit Brabancon)

This small short-haired dog displays a maximum size of 24 cm for a weight of 3 to 6 kg. It is therefore a small build but still robust. Muscular, he does not hesitate to be active. He loves to play and shows great recklessness even with large dogs. A bit boastful and at times inconstant, he needs to be educated as early as possible as this can make it easier for him to endure the presence of children. You even have to be vigilant when the family has very young children. Close to his master, he is loyal, affectionate, and prefers not to spend too much time away from him. He doesn’t like loneliness. This dog enjoys solid health. Her life expectancy is 13 years.

The Russkiy Toy or Russian Toy Terrier

The Russkiy Toy or Russian Toy Terrier
Photo taken in Kassel, Germany

It is also called little Russian dog. It measures 20 to 25 cm and weighs at most 2 to 3 kg. Intelligent, patient, docile, affectionate, sociable with everyone including strangers, he is a lovable little companion who gets along with other animals. He likes an apartment as well as a house with a garden. Energetic, he likes to work out daily. He is an endearing little dog who educates very easily. It does not present any particular vulnerability in terms of health. Its life expectancy is 11 to 12 years.

The Toy poodle puppy

The Toy poodle puppy
Toy poodle puppy wearing a red harness looking at the camera on a white backdrop

A small dog with curly hair, the Toy Poodle measures approximately 24 cm for a weight of 2 to 4 kg. He is not known to have any flaws in terms of character. At most, we can blame him for barking a little too much for no reason. A habit he may never pick up if he is educated early enough, which is very easy because he is obedient and intelligent. He is also affectionate, always jovial, very balanced, he loves to play and is never aggressive. He is a particularly sociable dog and can therefore accompany his master everywhere. It is also better not to leave him too long without company because he finds it difficult to endure loneliness and hates inactivity. Her life expectancy is around 12 or 13 years.

The dachshund

The dachshund
Older and distinguished mini daxie puppy dog sitting on hardwood floor in modern living room. Wrinkled brown fur matching colors of leather.

This muscular dog measures on average 27 cm at the withers and weighs only 4 kg at most. The Miniature Dachshund has a balanced personality. He loves to play and is very affectionate, including with children. However, he can be criticized for being a little possessive and for barking frequently for no reason, which can disturb the peace of the neighborhood. We, therefore, recommend educating this dog from an early age and with a certain firmness. On the health side, it can be fragile in the spine. Her life expectancy is around 13 years.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy
Headshot of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy looking at the camera on a white background

It is a small breed dog with long hair that measures between 25 and 34 cm with a maximum weight of 6 kg. It is classified in the category of pleasure spaniels. Intelligent, he exudes the joy of living and is very affectionate. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel loves cuddles. However, he is relatively reserved with strangers. He enjoys playing with children whose company he enjoys. It is very easy to educate which is a plus for teachers with little patience. His life expectancy is on average 11 years.

Make no mistake, just because these dogs are small doesn’t mean they don’t need activity. They can live in apartments and urban areas, but like any larger dog, they need activity. It is very important for their development and health. As a sedentary lifestyle is neither beneficial to the owner nor to the dog, however small it may be, this is an excellent reason to share a daily walk outdoors, embellished with a few games, a story that everyone spends a little.